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                  • EI
                  • Scopus
                  • 食品科學與工程領域高質量科技期刊分級目錄第一方陣T1
                  • DOAJ
                  • EBSCO
                  • 北大核心期刊
                  • 中國核心學術期刊RCCSE
                  • JST China
                  • FSTA
                  • 中國精品科技期刊
                  • 中國農業核心期刊
                  • CA
                  • WJCI
                  • 中國科技核心期刊CSTPCD
                  • 中國生物醫學SinoMed
                  中國精品科技期刊2020
                  邱爽,張新科,王東亮. 屋燕與洞燕成分對比及關鍵差異組分分析[J]. 食品工業科技,2023,44(21):327?336. doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2023010060.
                  引用本文: 邱爽,張新科,王東亮. 屋燕與洞燕成分對比及關鍵差異組分分析[J]. 食品工業科技,2023,44(21):327?336. doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2023010060.
                  QIU Shuang, ZHANG Xinke, WANG Dongliang. Comparative Analysis of Ingredients and Key Differential Components between House Edible Bird's Nest and Cave Edible Bird's Nest[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2023, 44(21): 327?336. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2023010060.
                  Citation: QIU Shuang, ZHANG Xinke, WANG Dongliang. Comparative Analysis of Ingredients and Key Differential Components between House Edible Bird's Nest and Cave Edible Bird's Nest[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2023, 44(21): 327?336. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2023010060.

                  屋燕與洞燕成分對比及關鍵差異組分分析

                  Comparative Analysis of Ingredients and Key Differential Components between House Edible Bird's Nest and Cave Edible Bird's Nest

                  • 摘要: 屋燕和洞燕是燕窩(Edible bird's nest, EBN)的兩種主要類型,但造成二者差異的關鍵組分尚不清晰。為了探究二者差異,實現對屋燕和洞燕樣品的有效區分,本研究對四種屋燕和洞燕中的蛋白質、氨基酸、唾液酸和礦物質元素等營養成分以及亞硝酸鹽和重金屬元素等危害因子進行測定,并利用熱圖和偏最小二乘回歸分析(Partial least squares regression, PLSR)進行聚類分析及關鍵差異組分的篩選。結果表明,蛋白質和唾液酸是燕窩中最重要的營養成分,分別占燕窩總量的63.09%~67.79%和7.22%~10.41%。亮氨酸、纈氨酸、蘇氨酸和苯丙氨酸是燕窩中主要的必需氨基酸,絲氨酸、天冬氨酸和脯氨酸是主要的非必需氨基酸,且燕窩中必需氨基酸占總氨基酸的比例(45.76%~47.60%)高于聯合國糧農組織/世界衛生組織(FAO/WHO)推薦的優質蛋白40%的標準。屋燕中蛋白質(66.70~67.79 g/100 g>63.09~66.28 g/100 g)和唾液酸(10.41 g/100 g>7.22~7.88 g/100 g)的含量均高于洞燕,而洞燕的氨基酸和礦物質元素含量顯著高于屋燕(P<0.05)。另一方面,PLSR分析可以很好地將屋燕與洞燕區分開,且Se、Fe、I、Mn、Cu等微量元素是造成屋燕與洞燕差異的關鍵組分。洞燕在基礎營養物質的含量上占據優勢,且微量元素的檢測可作為燕窩種類的區分依據。

                     

                    Abstract: House edible bird's nest and cave edible bird's nest are two main types of EBN. However, the key differential components, which can cause the differences of these EBN are not clear. In order to explore the differences between house EBN and cave EBN and effectively discriminate between different EBN samples, protein, amino acid, sialic acid, mineral elements and other nutritional components, as well as the hazard factors such as nitrite and heavy metal elements in four kinds of house EBN and cave EBN were determined, respectively. Moreover, cluster analysis and key differential components screening were carried out using heatmap and partial least squares regression (PLSR), respectively. The results showed that protein and sialic acid were the most important nutritional components, accounting for 63.09%~67.79% and 7.22%~10.41% in the total EBN, respectively. Leucine, valine, threonine and phenylalanine were the main essential amino acids in EBN, while serine, aspartic acid and proline were the main non-essential amino acids. In addition, the proportion of essential amino acids in total amino acids (45.76%~47.60%) was higher than 40% of the standard according to the high-quality protein recommendation from FAO/WHO. The contents of protein (66.70~67.79 g/100 g>63.09~66.28 g/100 g) and sialic acid (10.41 g/100 g<7.22~7.88 g/100 g) in house EBN were higher than those in cave EBN. The contents of amino acids and mineral elements in cave EBN were significantly higher than those in house EBN (P<0.05). On the other hand, house EBN and cave EBN could be well distinguished by PLSR analysis. Trace elements, such as Se, Fe, I, Mn, Cu, not only were the key differential components between the two EBN, but could be used as the basis to discriminate the origin of EBN species. Cave EBN has an advantage in the content of basic nutrients, and the detection of trace elements can serve as a basis for distinguishing different EBN samples.

                     

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